Getting the Most Out of ChatGPT: Effective Prompting Strategies

November 17, 2023

Nithya Rachel

Getting the Most Out of ChatGPT: Effective Prompting Strategies

When ChatGPT was initially launched, it gained worldwide attention and made headlines because of its versatility and user-friendliness. But recently, the large language model–based chatbot is facing a decline in popularity. This decline can be attributed to the ‘Garbage In, Garbage Out (GIGO)’ principle, which emphasizes that the quality of input affects the quality of output. In short, a chatbot’s performance depends on the quality of what people ask it.

Strategies for Prompting the Best Responses from Chatbots (ChatGPT)

Chain Prompting

Chain prompting is a method where you ask a series of connected questions or give step-by-step instructions to guide ChatGPT through a conversation or information gathering. It’s like having a structured dialogue. Begin by asking a clear and concise question. Evaluate the response and if it’s not detailed enough or needs further explanation, ask a more specific or related question. Keep asking follow-up questions or provide instructions to gather the information you seek. Chain prompting allows you to maintain a structured conversation with ChatGPT, ensuring that you obtain detailed and relevant information on a particular subject or topic of interest.

Mind Mapping

Mind mapping is a good tool for brainstorming because it helps you to see the relationships between your ideas and to identify patterns and trends. Start by giving a central idea or concept and request ChatGPT to generate related ideas, concepts, or connections stemming from that central point. You can then use chain prompts to gather more information on your topic. Mind mapping can be used to generate many ideas on a chatbot by encouraging users to think outside the box.

Role Play

Role-playing can be a useful tool for exploring different perspectives and gaining a deeper understanding of various situations. Role-playing in a chatbot involves creating and engaging in simulated conversations with predefined roles or characters. For instance, you could prompt the chatbot to take the role of a customer service representative, provide a scenario, and ask the chatbot to generate the best response.


SCAMPER is a creative thinking technique that can be used to prompt ChatGPT for generating innovative ideas, solutions, or variations on a given topic. SCAMPER stands for Substitute, Combine, Adapt, Modify, Put to Another Use, Eliminate and Reverse/Rearrange. By applying these seven actions, you can stimulate creativity and help ChatGPT provide ideas, solutions, or perspectives on a given subject or problem.


People tend to remember stories better than raw facts or data. When ChatGPT conveys information through storytelling, users are more likely to retain and recall that information. Storytelling prompts can help provide context and examples to make a topic more relatable or understandable. You can prompt ChatGPT to use storytelling to make complex concepts easier to grasp or present and explore hypothetical situations so you could gather perspectives.

Debate Format

Debating requires a careful examination of arguments and evidence. ChatGPT can help users analyze and critically evaluate different positions, fostering a deeper understanding of the topic. You can argue in favor of or against prompts to start a conversation. By simulating debates with ChatGPT, users can tap into its knowledge and argumentative capabilities to generate ideas, enhance their critical thinking skills, and gain a better understanding of complex issues.


Simulation allows users to experiment with different scenarios without real-world consequences. This is particularly useful in complex or high-stakes situations. Begin by describing the scenario or situation you want to simulate. Provide details about the context, variables, and objectives and ask ChatGPT to create a simulation based on the described scenario. After running the simulation, you can ask ChatGPT to make adjustments, rerun it with different inputs, or analyze the results to gain insights.

SWOT Analysis

A SWOT analysis is a strategic planning tool that can be used to identify and assess the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of a given scenario. ChatGPT can help with SWOT analysis in a number of ways. For example, you can use ChatGPT to develop strategies to capitalize on your strengths, mitigate your weaknesses, exploit your opportunities, and defend against your threats. SWOT provides a holistic view of a situation. You can use ChatGPT to create SWOT tables or matrices for a given topic or situation.

Decision Matrix

A decision matrix is a valuable tool for making informed choices when faced with multiple options or criteria. A matrix helps users evaluate and compare different choices systematically. Start by clearly defining the decision or choice you need to make, describing the options and criteria involved. Ask ChatGPT to create a decision matrix. If you have multiple rounds of decision-making or need to adjust criteria, you can iterate the process with ChatGPT.

Tips for Prompting the Best Responses from Chatbots (ChatGPT)

  • Give Context: Start with an introduction and clarify your question’s purpose for better responses.
  • Provide Examples or Templates: Share templates or examples to align responses with your expectations.
  • Specify Output Format: Mention formatting preferences for structured responses.
  • Open-ended Questions: Ask a question that requires a detailed response, such as “Can you explain how [topic] works?”
  • Comparison: Request a comparison between two or more things, like “Compare [A] and [B] in terms of [criteria].”
  • Pros and Cons: Prompt for a list of advantages and disadvantages, like “List the pros and cons of [subject].”
  • Summarization: Ask for a summary of a lengthy text or article, e.g., “Summarize the main points of [article].”

Final Thoughts

Chatbots like ChatGPT or Bard undeniably contribute to simplifying our daily lives. When it comes to business, a smart chatbot capable of understanding and addressing user queries is the key to enhancing customer support, streamlining operations, and driving business success. vChat, our robust AI-based chatbot builder platform, is capable of harnessing the power of large language models like GPT-4, PaLM, LLaMA, to offer more context-aware, and customizable interactions, enhancing user engagement. Talk to our experts to kickstart your journey towards smarter, more efficient interactions.

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